My exam studying didn’t go so well last weekend, so I pushed the exam out until the end of February as I try to be more realistic. This long weekend, I did manage to start doing a little reading. As I said in a earlier post, the book I am using to study is the Microsoft Press book, Windows Server Administration Self Paced Training kit.
As I am reading the book, I am summarizing key points as this helps me to remember what I have read, and I will post my summaries to my blog, one chapter per week, with lesson’s spread throughout the week. Remember, this is only a highlight of the book and I am not trying to rewrite the book on this blog.
Chapter 1 – Lesson 1: Planning Windows Server 2008 Installation and Upgrade
This week, we start at the beginning, Chapter 1 – Lesson 1. This lesson covers the basic points on Windows 2008 which are:
- System Requirements
- Server Core
- Upgrade Path
The minimum system requirements are 1 GHz processor, 512 MB RAM and 15 GB of hard disk space. Recommended are 2 GHz processor, 2 GB RAM and 40 GB of hard disk space.
Considerable information is presented on the various versions of Windows Server 2008. There is Web, Standard, Enterprise and Data Center, each available are 32bit and 64bit and that Core editions are available for each. There is also an Itanium edition as well.
- Standard Edition – network load balancing supported, failover clustering is not supported. 32bit – supports 4 GB of RAM and 4 processors in SMP configuration. 64bit – supports 32 GB of RAM and 4 processors in SMP configuration.
- Enterprise Edition – supports network failover and Active Directory Federation Services (ADFS). 32bit – supports 64 GB of RAM and 8 processors in SMP configuration. 64bit – supports 2 TB of RAM and 8 processors in SMP configuration.
- Datacenter Edition – supports failover clustering and ADFS. Unlimited virtual image rights. 32bit – supports 64 GB of RAM and 32 processors in SMP configuration. 64bit – supports 2 TB of RAM and 64 processors in SMP configuration.
- Web Edition – domain services not supported, network load balancing supported. As the name implies, meant for web servers. 32bit – supports 4 GB of RAM and 4 processors in SMP configuration. 64bit – supports 32 GB of RAM and 4 processors in SMP configuration.
- Itanium Edition – limited number of roles supported. Requires Itanium 2 processor. Supports 2 TB of RAM and 64 processors in SMP configuration.
Benefits of Server Core:
- Reduced Attack Surface
- Lower Hardware Requirements
You will need to learn how to join a machine to the domain and some of the other basic commands you will need to know for server core. Check out Pierre’s post titled My Core box. How to turn a near obsolete PC in a Lab Domain Controller for a description of how to get a machine up and going running Server Core. The book also mentions ocsetup.exe to install roles and oclist.exe to see what roles are available.
Upgrading From Windows Server 2003
This section covers upgrading. You can upgrade from Windows Server 2003. To upgrade from Windows Server 2000 you will need to upgrade 2003 first. The book doesn’t mention Windows NT 4 Server, so neither will I. You can only upgrade to the same processor edition, i.e., 64 bit to 64 bit, not 32 bit to 64 bit. Also you can’t upgrade to a core installation and most editions can only upgrade to the same edition. The exception is Windows Server 2003 Standard. You can upgrade to Windows Server 2008 Standard or Enterprise. Upgrades must be initiated by starting the installation from within Windows Server 2003.
Windows Server 2008 now contains BitLocker. BitLocker protects the server data through volume encryption and also provided integrity-checking. A system administrator must disable BitLocker during maintenance windows. To support BitLocker, prior to installing Windows Server 2008, a partition of 1.5 GB in size must created and, formatted and made the system partition prior to creating a larger partition. Also available are BitLocker group policies and the book lists some of them. Be sure to also know the difference between BitLocker and Encrypting File System. Finally, the last part covers turning off BitLocker.
That’s the extent of the material covered in Lesson 1. Lesson 2 covers Automated Server Deployment.
My notes in helping me prepare for the 70-646 Exam, PRO: Windows Server 2008, Server Administrator are just those, notes and I am trying to help highlight what is covered in the book, not replicate it. If you want to pass the exam, you will need more than just these notes to pass. I suggest you get a good book and get familiar with the product. The expectation is that you have about one year of experience with Windows 2008 Server (your mileage may vary) when writing this exam. The book I am using for my preparation and where I am drawing the information for these notes is the Microsoft Press book, MCITP Exam Prep 70-646: Windows Server Administration; ISBN: 0735625107.